Compact Listing of Doctrinal Words

(Definitions of Theological Words for all who Study, Teach or Preach).

Theology The study of God A systematic analysis of the doctrines of God.
Hermeneutics To interpret the Scriptures The study & interpretation of the Holy Bible.
Exegesis To study Bible passages To study word meanings & grammar of the text.
Eisegesis ——— To interpret the text outside of proper exegesis.
Apologetics To speak in defense of The area of theology that aims to intelligently defend the Christian
faith via witnesses written record of resurrection, miracles, prophecies
Homiletics To deal with others The methods of constructing. preparing and delivering sermons. Homily
– sermon/discourse.
Soteriology To study salvation To examine the provisions of salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ
and its application by the Holy Spirit of God.
Heilsgeschichte Salvation History A German word for ‘salvation history’. A theological thought that sees
the ongoing story of God’s redemptive activity as a central theme in interpreting
the Holy Bible.
Eschatology To study last things The study of the doctrines of future or the last things. ie. The end
times prior to the millennial rule of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Amillennialism To deny The belief that there is no sufficient ground for belief in a thousand
year reign of Christ.
Premillennialism To return The teaching that Christ will return, set up an earthly kingdom, and
reign for a thousand years.
Postmillennialism To return after The idea that Christ will return after a thousand or more years of peace
brought about by Christian’s preaching and teaching God’s Word.
Epistemology The theory of knowledge Investigating the origins, structure, methods and validity of knowledge.
(It studies how we know what we know!)
Axiology Of like value The study and theory of values in philosophy. 1) The nature of value.
2) The types of value. 3) The criterion of value. 4) The metaphysical status
of value.
Christiology The study of Christ The area of theology that deals with the person, life, works, faith,
significance, and His divinity.
Pneumatology The study of the Holy Spirit In theology, the comprehensive study of the person and work of the Holy
Bibliology Analysis of the Bible To analysis the doctrines of Scripture as the foundation of all theological
Ecclesiology The study of the Church To examine the origin, distinctive nature, mission, function, government,
offices, ordinances and the destiny of the Church.
Angelology The study of Angels The area of theology that deals with the existence, nature and function
of angels.
Apocrypha The hidden things 13 books outside of the canon of Scripture.
Agrapha Unwritten sayings The sayings of Jesus missing from the Gospels.
TULIP 5 points of Calvanism A mnemonic of the five points of Calvanism. 1) Total depravity. 2) Unconditional
election. 3) Limited atonement. 4) Irresistible grace. 5) Perseverance of
the saints.
Arminianism A theological system Different to Calvanism over predestination. 1) Conditional election,
not on a choice of will, but according to God’s foreknowledge of who will
believe. 2) Saving grace is not irresistible. 3) Believers can lose their
Predestination To destine In theology, the teaching that God has decided, or foreordained , every
event that has happened, is happening, or will happen. There are three beliefs:
1) General predestination – God wills everyone to be saved and foreknows
who will respond in faith. 2) Single predestination – God chooses those
who will be saved. 3) Double predestination – God chooses who will be saved
and who will be damned.
Trinity Tri-unity of the Godhead The absolute oneness of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
Homoousia Of one substance True God from True God.
Theophany Manifestations of God A theological term for any visible or auditory manifestation of God.
Redemption To ‘buy back again’ In theology the doctrine that Christ redeemed mankind by delivering those
who accept Him from the curse of sin and its punishment.
Regeneration Being ‘born again’ The process of the new birth in which the sinner repents and accepts
Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour. Believers are restored to a right relationship
with God.
Repentance To turn away from sin A feeling of sorrow for what one has done, it is a change of mind. Repentance
radically transforms attitude and direction.
Salvation The forgiveness of sins Brought by our Lord Jesus Christ and bought through His precious blood,
bringing the gift of eternal life with God.
Santification The setting apart of The separation of the sacred from the sinful to make it holy. An on going
work of God in believers. Individuals setting themselves apart and purifying
themselves to be used by God.
Justification To justify The doctrine of God’s pardoning sinners and restoring them to a state
of righteousness.
Propitiation The sacrifice of Christ Satisfies God’s wrath for our sins.
Atonement The death of Christ The restoration of fellowship between God and mankind through the substitutionary
and vicarious death of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Imputation To transfer sin to another Refers to God’s crediting Christ’s righteousness to all who believe in
Assurance To know The idea that a believer can know he or she is truly saved. It is not
an emotional experience but is based on the believer’s acceptance of Biblical
Truth. Some teach that our assurance is divinely given, whilst others teach
that assurance comes from taking God at His Word.
Perseverance To persist in a thing The doctrine that true believers will continue in the faith until death.
Perfection A gift of grace The doctrine of progressive pure love reigning in the believer’s heart
and life. Being conformed into the likeness of our Lord.
Omnificence Attribute of God Unlimited in creative power.
Omnipotence Attribute of God All powerful or infinite power.
Omnipresence Attribute of God Wholly present in all places at any given moment in time.
Omniscience Attribute of God The complete and perfect knowledge of all things.
Inerrancy Free from error The doctrine that the Holy Bible, in all it teaches, is free from error.
Infallibility Free from mistakes The doctrine that the Holy Bible, in all it teaches will not deceive
nor disappoint.
Inspiration To breathe into In theology the doctrine of the Holy Spirit acting on the writers of
the Holy Bible in a way that protects the truth of its message.
Polity To govern within the church Churches are generally: 1) Episcopal – Headed by a bishop/minister above
the congregation. 2) Congregational – Governed by elders, one being a pastor.
3) Presbyterian – Governed by a hierachy of democratic assemblies.
Parable A comparing A short story embodying a message or moral teaching by means of comparison.
Our Lord Jesus used over two dozen parables to show or illustrate essential
truths about the human condition.
Paraclete One called to someone’s aid A theological term used to refer to the Holy Spirit as the ‘Comforter’
in the New Testament.
Parousia A being present Refers to the Second Coming of Christ.
Heresy A choosing Heresy is a teaching or belief that contradicts the doctrines of the
Holy Scriptures. It is a deliberate denial of truth revealed by God in His
Word. A person becomes a heritic, a false teacher.
Apostacy A falling away A deliberate and complete abandonment of the Christian faith.
Agnosticism Unknowing A profession of ignorance.
Atheism Godless The belief that there is no God.
Ecumenical The inhabited world Has two meanings:
1) Refers to the Church as a whole, or the Christian community.
2) Associated with a modern-day movement that attempts to bring about institutional
unity of denominations.
Henotheism Many gods The worship of one god without denying the existence of other gods. The
belief that there are many infinite gods with one supreme among them. This
allows the teaching of many ways to heaven!
Monotheism One God The belief that there is one God and only one God. Amen! (It is so –
or so be it – or Yes!)


Date : 30/11/-0001    

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