In the Midrash Rabbah on B’resheet (Genesis), 98:3, it is stated:
“The world is to be for 6,000 years. 2,000 years empty without Torah; 2,000 years with Torah; and 2,000 years Messianic times”.
And in Sanhedrin 97a & b that on the 3rd millennium following the 2,000 year Messianic era (being the 7th millennium), the resurrection of the dead would occur.
Rabbi Ketina commented: “The world endures 6000 years and one thousand it shall be laid waste (that is, the enemies of G-d shall be destroyed), whereof it is said, ‘The L-rd alone shall be exalted in that day.’ As out of seven years every seventh (is a) year of remission, so out of the seven thousand years of the world, the seventh millennium shall be the millennial years of remission, that G-d alone may be exalted in that day”.
The Tannaim based such interpretation on Psalm 90, written by Moshe (Moses) where it states: “for a thousand years in Your sight are as yesterday (1 Day – see Numbers 14:34 & Ezekiel 4:6) when it is past, and like a watch in the night” (v.4).
As is written:
Hosea 6:1-2 Come, and let us return to the L-rd; For He has torn, but He will heal us; He has stricken, but He will bind us up. After two days (2000 years) He will revive us; On the third day (a 1000 year rest) He will raise us up, That we may live in His sight.
This expectation of “2000 years of Messianic times” occurring in the year 4000 from Adam was also due to the prophecy of Daniel which foretold the coming of Messiah at the end of 69 Sabbatical years (Daniel 9:24-26). In search of this 70 Sabbatical year prophecy (69 weeks of years to the Messiah, and 1 week of years for a final covenant), the sages placed Messiah’s expected arrival at the 1st half of the 1st century AD.
As was stated by the Sage Moshe Avraham Levi:
“I have examined and searched all the Holy Scriptures and have not found the time for the coming of Messiah clearly fixed, except in the words of Gabriel to the prophet Daniel, which are written in the 9th chapter of the prophecy of Daniel.”
And also in the Targum of the prophets, Megillah 3a, where it states:
“And the Bat Kol (Voice from Heaven) came forth and exclaimed, “Who is he who has revealed My secrets to mankind?”…He further sought to reveal by a Targum the inner meaning of the Hagiographa; but a Voice from Heaven went forth and said, “Enough!”, And what was the reason? Because the date of the Messiah was foretold in it!”
The “Hagiographa” being a reference to Daniel’s 70 Sabbatical year prophecy.
This prophecy of Daniel also states that the Temple would be destroyed sometime after the 69th Sabbatical year, as is stated in Nazir 32b, where the Sage Yosef speaks concerning the time of the second Temple:
Had I been there, I should have said to them, “Is it not written, the Temple of
YHWH, the Temple of YHWH, the Temple of YHWH are these, which points to the destruction of the first and second Temples?”
Clearly knowledge existed that the Temple would be destroyed, but did the sages have understanding as to when this would occur?
Yalkut, vol. 2, pg 79d, describes how this prophecy of Daniel was the one which revealed the timing of Messiah’s arrival, and the destruction of the Temple. And concerning the two views of Messiah, one as Ben Yosef (Joseph), and the other as Ben David, the Sage Yoshua bar Levi stated in Sanhedrin 98a:
The one [verse] that says, “Behold, one like the Son of Adam came with the clouds of heaven” Daniel 7:13, and the other verse that says, “poor and riding upon a donkey” Zechar’yahu (Zechariah) 9:9. If we are worthy, Messiah will come on the clouds of heaven; if we are not worthy, He will come poor and riding on a donkey.
Yet there are not two Messiahs, just One and furthermore both portions of Scripture must be fulfilled. With that said, the Brit Hadasha describes Yeshua’s mission (as Ben Yosef) at His First Coming, having fulfilled the first half of events of Daniel 9:24. The completion of His messianic mandate for Daniel’s people (the Jews) and the holy city (Jerusalem) will take place at His Second Coming, when Messiah comes in “glory and power” to bringing judgment and righteousness to the earth.
Though many of these events can be applied to individual redemption, to those who know Messiah, their completion will take place at the national redemption of Israel, when the remnant of the nation collectively comes to know their Messiah (Isaiah 10:20-23, 59:20-21; Zephaniah 3:12-17; Zechariah 13:8-9; Romans 11:25-27).
Daniel chapter 9 begins as Daniel prays and intercedes for his people, regarding the city of Jerusalem, the Temple and the sins of Judah, which caused them to suffer under Babylon for the seventy-years of captivity.
Daniel 9:7 O L-rd, righteousness belongs to You, but to us shame of face, as it is this day to the men of Judah, to the inhabitants of Jerusalem and all Israel, those near and those far off in all the countries to which You have driven them, because of the unfaithfulness which they have committed against You.
Daniel understood the reason the Babylonians destroyed the Temple and the city of Jerusalem in 586 BC, it was G-d’s judgment for sin, against his people. According to Daniel chapter 9, the angel Gabriel was sent from G-d’s throne to answer Daniel’s prayer, establishing the future events for His people.
Gabriel affirmed to Daniel that the city of Jerusalem and the Temple would be rebuilt, only to be destroyed again in the future, this occurred in AD 70, under the Romans. Gabriel linked Jerusalem’s future destruction to the death of an “Anointed one”, who first be would be “cut off”. Gabriel established a timeline of events, during this period, leading once again to Jerusalem’s future destruction (Zechariah 14:1-2).
Gabriel’s response to Daniel’s prayer (Daniel 9:24-27), raises important questions.
• Is Daniel 9, referring to the Messiah (Son of David)?
• If not Messiah, who is Daniel referring to?
• Why was the Temple and Jerusalem destroyed again in AD 70?
The question is not whether Messiah is mentioned in Daniel 9:25 and 26, it is whether the Messiah mentioned is Messiah Son of David. Since the context of Daniel 9:24-26, clearly refers to the Messianic era, it would not be unreasonable to think the Messiah in verse 25 and 26 is Messiah Son of David. Especially, given the fact that the destruction of the Temple and city follow Messiah being cut off (killed).
When the Temple was completed, the L-rd established it and the people as a sign of His pleasure with the people for their actions. Why would the L-rd allow the Romans to destroy the Temple? Only two times has the Temple been destroyed, first in 586 BC and then in AD 70. We know why the Temple was destroyed in 586 BC, because Jeremiah and Ezekiel tell us – ‘the people rejected the L-rd and worshipped other gods’. So why was the Temple destroyed again in AD 70? What had Israel done to bring upon her such judgement?
The Prophecy of Daniel’s 70 weeks provides us with a prophetic timetable for Israel’s full salvation and restoration in the Messianic Kingdom. Israel is given 70 weeks of years (70 x 7 = 490 years), following which all would be fulfilled in response to Daniels prayers.
24 Seventy weeks are determined for your people and for your holy city, To finish the transgression, to make an end of sins, to make reconciliation for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy.
Here Gabriel informed Daniel, Seventy “weeks” (490 years) have been determined, or literally “divided” on your people (the Jews) and upon Jerusalem, and by the time these years are complete, these events will be completed. Each of these events in scripture involve the Messianic Age, and are described as characteristics of the future age to come when Messiah rules the earth. These events consist of:
1) To finish the transgression – Literally “to restrain rebellion”. When Messiah rules the earth, rebellion against the L-rd will not be permitted.
Psalm 2:9 You shall break them with a rod of iron; You shall dash them to pieces like a potter’s vessel.
Isaiah 11:4b He shall strike the earth with the rod of His mouth, and with the breath of His lips He shall slay the wicked.
2) To make an end of sins – Literally “to complete sin”. During the age of Messiah, the rule of sin will be eliminated, as contrasted with today. Sin will be put away during this period.
Jeremiah 31:34b they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says the L-rd. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.
3) To make reconciliation for iniquity. Literally “to cover perversity / depravity”. The Hebrew word, Kapar is also translated as “atonement”. The word used throughout scripture, connects “sin” as being “covered” by the blood or money. The price of sin, needs to be paid for sin, here Gabriel tells Daniel, in the 490-year period “reconciliation” or “atonement” would be made for iniquity.
4) To bring in everlasting righteousness – Literally “to enter into righteousness forever”. The period of righteousness is a distinct characteristic of the Messianic era, when “righteousness” will reign on earth, for “eternity” or “everlasting”. Both “eternity” and “righteous” are hallmarks of the Messiah.
Isaiah 11:5 Righteousness (Tsedeq) shall be the belt of His loins, And faithfulness the belt of His waist.
Isaiah 9:27b Upon the throne of David and over His kingdom, To order it and establish it with judgment and justice From that time forward, even forever (owlam). The zeal of the L-rd of hosts will perform this.
5) To seal up vision and prophecy – Literally prophecy “is locked or shut up”. Prophecy and vision during the Messianic era will be over. There will no longer be prophets to proclaim the word of the L-rd, His word will be pervasive.
Zechariah 13:4 And it shall be in that day that every prophet will be ashamed of his vision when he prophesies; they will not wear a robe of coarse hair to deceive.
Isaiah 11:9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain, For the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the L-rd as the waters cover the sea.
6) And to anoint the Most Holy – Literally “to anoint / smear the Holy, Holy”. Here the word Qodesh is repeated twice meaning “Holy, Holy”. This is a reference to the Holy of Holies also know as the Most Holy place, written scripture as Qodesh, Qodesh. The Messiah will establish the Millennium Temple of the L-rd, which will never be defiled, as opposed to the third temple, which is desolated with an abomination in the last days (Daniel 12:11).
Also the “smearing” or Mashiach of the Most Holy could also refer to the selection of the L-rd’s sacrifice, the Messianic Righteous Servant, who would pay for the sins of the world at His death (Isaiah 53:6-12).
Ezekiel 43:7 And He said to me, “Son of man, this is the place of My throne (The Temple) and the place of the soles of My feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel forever. No more shall the house of Israel defile My holy name, they nor their kings, by their harlotry or with the carcasses of their kings on their high places.
25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince, there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublesome times.
Here Gabriel provides a timescale for the fulfilment of this prophecy – From the decree (Artaxerxes to Ezra in 458 BC), to Messiah the Prince (the initiation of the ministry of Messiah, who would be both priest and king) there would a period of 69 weeks (7 and 62 weeks) – 483 years.
Artaxerxes King of Persia commissioned Ezra the high priest, to take charge of the ecclesiastical and civil affairs of the Jewish nation. A copy of this decree may be found in Ezra 7:11-28.
Ezra thereby left Babylon in the first month of the seventh year (458 BC – http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/1827-artaxerxes-i) of Artaxerxes’ reign, at the head of a company of Jews that included priests and Levites. They arrived in Jerusalem on the first day of the fifth month of the seventh year.
From 458 BC + 483 years = 26 AD
This period of time is clearly marked within the Brit Hadasha:
Luke 3:1-3 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar (26 AD), Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, while Annas and Caiaphas were high priests, the word of G-d came to John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness. And he went into all the region around the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentance for the remission of sins,
Messiah’s ministry began with John the Baptist as it is written:
Mark 1:1-4 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of G-d. As it is written in the Prophets: Behold, I send My messenger before Your face, Who will prepare Your way before You. The voice of one crying in the wilderness ‘Prepare the way of the L-RD Make His paths straight.’ John came baptizing in the wilderness and preaching a baptism of repentance for the remission of sins.
But lets go back to verse 24 of Daniel 9. 490 years (7 years after the start of Messiah’s Ministry) until the finish of transgression, end of sin and reconciliation for iniquity – would take us to 33 AD and the cross. This means the death and then resurrection of Messiah ACTUALLY physically took place at a GREAT JUBILLEE – 10 x 49 years.
26 And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself; And the people of the prince who is to come Shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end of it shall be with a flood, and till the end of the war desolations are determined.
Here we see a clear division of time, Messiah Himself would be cut off after 69 weeks for His people. We see that following this cutting off, the city and the sanctuary would be destroyed. This was accomplished following the Jewish Revolt in 67 AD against the Romans, resulting in Titus Caesar destroying both Jerusalem and the holy Temple in 70 AD.
Again the question is raised, why would HaShem allow the destruction of the Temple and the city, and the instigation of the second diaspora? Prophetically Yeshua Himself comments:
Luke 19:43-44 “For days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment around you, surround you and close you in on every side, and level you, and your children within you, to the ground; and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not know the time of your visitation.”
Yeshua’s death ended the Mosaic Covenant (not the eternal Abrahamic Covenant) and the necessity of the daily sacrifice. The only thing left for G-d to then do was to destroy the unnecessary Temple – “Even until the consummation, which is determined, is poured out on the desolate” (Daniel 9:27).
We must understand that a future Antichrist pagan temple will stand in Jerusalem before the Great Tribulation begins (the final REPLAYED 70th Week) will be repugnant to G-d and an affront to the finished work of Yeshua’s once for all atoning sacrifice. Therefore, neither HaShem nor Yeshua will have any part in any misguided attempts to reinstitute the finished Mosaic Covenant and the temple’s daily sacrifice.
As with Jacobs beloved son Joseph, it would be during the 7 years of famine that his brethren would recognise him – having themselves failed to recognise him even during the 7 years of blessing. Even so concerning Israel and Messiahs visitation.
A Messianic kingdom requires the Messiah to rule as king. He will come to fulfil all things after the 70th week. Yet earlier Daniel stated that the Messiah would come and be killed after the 69th week. This would appear to be a contradiction unless Daniel was speaking of two Messianic comings. The first time to die a penal, substitutionary death for the sins of Israel and accomplish the first three purposes listed in verse 24. His return to be after the replayed 70th week (still future), when He will establish His Messianic Kingdom and accomplish the last three points of verse 24 specifically concerning Israel.
An important implication exists here that shouldn’t be missed. Messiah would be killed after His first coming. Yet He would be alive at His second coming. The implication is that Messiah would be resurrected from the dead after being killed (Isaiah 53:11). Once again, the Messiah’s rejection at the end of the first 70th week led to His ‘cutting off’, and a pausing of G-d’s prophetic clock, allowing the Gentiles to receive Israel’s Messiah. This clock will not restart again until the times of the Gentiles have been fulfilled (Romans 11:25), leading to the final replayed last week of Daniel’s 70 weeks as described in the Book of Revelation chapters 6-19 and The Time of Jacobs Trouble (Jeremiah 30:7).
Let the reader take note and understand the prophetic words concerning the end times and seasons scenario, before ha Ad-nai Yeshua comes to reign and rule. Amen.
The Future –
1. Daniel prophesied that ‘many’ within Israel will enter into a covenant (security agreement) with Armilus (Anti-Christ) – a Gentile Leader and a false Jewish Prophet.
2. It is a covenant with death and Sheol resulting in apostasy – Isaiah 28:15.
3. Last heptad – the final week of 7 years now starts – Daniel 9:27a.
4. Peace covenant broken at the midpoint – Daniel 9:27b.
5. Jerusalem captured, oppressed and divided – Luke 21:20. Rev 11:2.
Daniel 12:1, 7. Zechariah 14:2.
6. Antichrist declares himself as God! Demands worship from Israel and the Gentile Nations – 2 Thessalonians 2:4. Revelation 13:12.
7. Temple desecrated – Matthew 24:15-16.
(The exegetical rule of the law of double fulfilment re Daniel 9:27b.)
8. Assimilate or be annihilated (many will fall away/apostatise and bow down – 2 Thessalonians 2:3. [In type the final Chanukah story repeated – Ecclesiastes 1:9]
9. Many of the faithful will lose their lives as the Antichrist comes against the remnant of G-d’s people – Revelation 12:15.
10. It is the final fulfilment of the Time of Jacob’s Trouble – Jeremiah 30:7 and
Daniel 12:1. It is the time spoken of by ha Ad-nai Yeshua – The Great Tribulation – Matthew 24:21-22, 29-31.
11. G-d sends Messiah Yeshua to deliver Israel – Zechariah 14:5-9. Romans 11:26-27.
12. a) New Temple – Zechariah 6:12.
b) Shekinah Glory will return – Isaiah 4:5 and Ezekiel 43:1-6.
c) Israel will depend on the L-rd – Isaiah 10:20.
d) They will trust and be righteous before the L-rd – Zephaniah 3:12-13.
Ha Ad-nai Yeshua/Jesus the Jew claimed and was recognised as Immanuel,
L-rd, Son of G-d, Messiah, Prophet and Priest by the early Messianic Community and the Gentiles have also believed as Isaiah foretold. See (Isaiah 11:10-12).
Date : 30/11/-0001