The Tanakh Teaches One Messiah but Two Comings


Any person reading the Hebrew Scriptures may begin to puzzle over seemingly contradictory scriptures regarding the Moshiach (Messiah). There certainly seem to be, as the sages of old rightly determined from their reading within the Tanakh, two messianic streams of prophecies appertaining to the Messiah. But all agree that there is only one Moshiach sent by the Holy One to redeem fallen mankind, starting with Israel (HaShem’s chosen people and then the Goyim, the Gentiles).

Any fair minded person can again draw no other conclusion but the above having read the following verses from the Tanakh regarding:-

The Messiah:

“Behold My Servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom My soul delighteth; I have put My spirit upon Him: He shall bring forth judgement to the Gentiles. Isaiah 42:1.

“And now, saith the L-rd that formed Me from the womb to be His Servant, to bring Jacob again to Him, though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the L-rd, and My G-d shall be My strength.”

“And He said, it is a light thing that Thou shouldest be My Servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give Thee for a light to the Gentiles, that Thou mayest be My salvation unto the end of the earth. Isaiah 49:5-6.

Several points may be gleamed from these two verses:

  1. There is only One Servant of G-d. The ‘Him’ is in the singular pronoun grammatical context. As with Isaiah 53 – The Suffering Servant.
  2. The Servant Messiah is to save both Jews and Gentiles as G-d’s instrument of salvation unto the ends of the earth.
  3. The preserved of Israel are to be restored.


“Thus saith the L-rd, Israel is My son, even My firstborn” Exodus 4:22.

“When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called My son out of Egypt” Hosea 11:1.

“You only have I known of all the families of the earth” Amos 3:2.

The Gentiles:

“Rejoice, O ye nations, with His people: for He will avenge the blood of His servants, and will render vengeance to His adversaries, and will be merciful unto His land, and to His people.” Deuteronomy 32:43.

The plain exegetical interpretation (or p’shat) of this verse is fivefold in its meaning:

  1. The Gentiles are to rejoice (to be joyful, glad, take delight in and celebrate – see Concise Oxford Dictionary) with G-d’s people, the Jewish nation.
  2. The L-rd is going to come against those who have touched the apple of His eye.
  3. His people’s enemies are His enemies because He is in covenant relationship with the Jewish people through the first Jew – Abraham. See Bereshit/Genesis 12:2-3.
  4. That the land of Yisrael is G-d’s and that ultimately He will be merciful to it and to
  5. His ancient people after their return, having previously scattered them around the nations due to their disobedience before Him.

‘And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and His rest shall be glorious.’ Isaiah 11:10.

This verse plainly teaches as do the rabbis that:

  1. Here is the Moshiach from the lineage of Jesse through to the House of David,
  2. Being an ensign (Standard bearer with a badge of office – Concise Oxford Dictionary) to the people (of Israel) and
  3. That the Gentiles shall seek (ie. search, ask, enquire – Concise Oxford Dictionary) after the Messiah.
  4. And that the Moshiach’s rest shall be glorious (ie. honourable, splendid, magnificent and intensely delightful – Concise Oxford Dictionary) upon this earth. This is what verses 1 to 9 show us in Isaiah chapter 11 and again in chapter 65 verses 17 to 25. The earth shall be renewed after all that man has sadly done to it, wasting its resources, polluting the sea and the land etc.

The Two Messianic Streams of Prophecy.

As we now contrast and compare the prophecies regarding the coming of Moshiach we can see that they seem to contradict one another within the same time scale and scenario. How are these to be accomplished unless there are two comings of the same Messiah to be Moshiach ben Yosef (The Suffering Servant) and Moshiach ben Dovid (The Conquering and Reigning King).

As we look at these verses we can see then that the 1st Coming is to take away the sins of the people (be they Jew or Gentile) and the 2nd Coming is to redeem and rescue His people as the world comes against Israel. This is the time of the ‘Mother of all Battles’ known as the future ‘Battle of Armageddon’ that the Prophets of G-d warn us about.

Prophecy Stream 1 –

Isaiah 52:13 – 53:12 These verses speak of Messiah being both despised and rejected of men, of having our iniquities laid on Him. (We should note that in Isaiah chapter 53 we can count 50 personal pronouns and so this cannot be Israel as the sufferent servant of G-d, as she has not brought redemption to the world except through her Messiah that so many Jews and many more Gentiles have accepted). Isaiah chapter 53 then speaks of our Messiah being cut off from the land of the living, being executed with transgressors, buried and yet then living to see ‘the travail of His soul and being well satisfied’.

Daniel 9:25-26 These two verses also speak of Messiah coming but again being cut off, not for Himself but for the sake of His people. But a Prince (the Roman General Titus and his legions) shall destroy the city and the sanctuary (The Temple in 70ad and the people in 135ad ) and that war and desolations shall continue unto the time of the end. These are key verses in understanding the objection to Y’shua not bringing peace to the world in His first coming, because it is appointed by G-d that He would die for the sins of His people, resurrect and return – but that wars and desolations would continue until the time of the end. There it is in plain English or originally in Hebrew for us to understand in these two pivotal verses in Daniel. There is One Messiah but plainly Two Comings according to the Holy Scriptures, being the very Word of G-d. This is not a Christian invention or whatever, it is the actual plan and understanding of the Almighty One in knowing the future and telling us through His prophet Daniel. 

Zechariah 9:9 ‘Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout , O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: He is just, and having salvation, lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.’

It is a little difficult for us to imagine the Messiah coming upon a foal, the colt of an ass, in meekness and lowly in stature and also at the same time suddenly coming on the clouds of heaven with power and vengeance (see Prophecy Stream 2 below) against the armies of the world that have come up against Jerusalem as foretold in Zechariah chapter 14. (Our Messiah is to come in power and glory and stand on the Mount of Olives with regal authority as stated in – Zechariah 14:4). There clearly has to be a time divide between these two sets of messianic streams of prophecy fulfilled by our Mashiach.

Zechariah 13:7 This verse once again speaks of the Shepherd or Messiah being struck and the sheep scattered. We should pay special attention to the words of G-d here in that His Shepherd is His Fellow companion! Psalm 2 also confirms this special relationship.

Prophecy Stream 2 –

Isaiah chapter 2 Speaks of the Messiah reigning with power from Jerusalem with all nations going to hear the Word of the L-rd and as a result living in peace together. This is something that seems to elude Israel and every Nation at the moment no matter who comes into power or what country seems to try and act as an example to others!

Isaiah chapter 11 Speaks of the future condition of the earth after the end of days when the earth shall be full of the glory of the knowledge of the L-rd as the waters cover the sea. The earth shall be renewed by the Messiah as in the days of the Garden of Eden with the animals once more being vegetarian and not devouring each other. After the fall of Adam and Eve sin and death came upon this world and we therefore needed to be rescued, redeemed, restored and renewed as the Word of G-d shows us.

Joel chapter 3 Speaks quite plainly of Israel’s L-rd and Messiah roaring out of Zion against the multitudes in the valley of decision. For the Gentiles have plotted to come against His people, to war against them but the Messiah comes and deals with them! The sun and the moon are darkened and the stars do not give their light either. Therefore …

It is a day of darkness and gloominess as the prophet Zephaniah declares in chapter 1 verses 14 to 18.

When we therefore contrast and compare this with Zechariah 9:9 above we are being shown two very different types of day, one with light and our Messiah coming lowly (Zechariah 9:9) to be a suffering Servant bringing His redemptive salvation work by dying for our sins, atoning with His royal blood. (Isaiah chapter 53 and Daniel chapter 9 quoted previously).

Zephaniah, Joel and indeed Zechariah show us a very different kind of day – The Day of the L-rd – a day without light and joy where we see the conquering King Messiah coming to wage war against the enemies of Israel.

Zephaniah chapter 3 Then speaks of Israel rejoicing after having been cleansed of her sins and rescued from all that her enemies have brought upon her. Her Messiah is in the midst of her having gathered His chosen and making them a praise name in all the earth. Zechariah tells us the same thing with world peace to follow.
This comes about because Israel as a nation in distress has called upon the name of the L-rd – ‘Baruch haba b’shem Adonai.’


There are many other verses that we could look at together from the Tanakh that agree with the above but these should be enough to make us think as we have compared and contrasted the information the Prophets wrote about these things.

The question we must ask ourselves is who fits the picture painted for us, who have the Gentiles gone after and believed in. Who said He was the Messiah, who healed His people at that time with signs, wonders and miracles. Who died and rose again and told His followers that He would return one day to rule but that they were to be witnesses of those things to the world, spreading the good news of eternal life unto all the nations until the time of His return.

If you shall see kingdoms rising against each other in turn, then give heed and note the footsteps of the Messiah. Bereshit Rabbah XLII:4.

Date : 30/11/-0001    

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